is philosophical and literary movement in which human values and capabilities are the central focus. The term originally referred to a point of view particularly associated with the rennaissance, with its emphasis on secular studies, a conscious return to classical ideals and forms, and a rejection of medieval religious authority. In modern usage, humanism often indicates a general emphasis on lasting human values, respect for scientific knowledge, and cultivation of the classics.
|S. Domenico, by Beato Angelico (Fra
Angelico), in the Museo S. Marco, Firenze